Sunday, July 2, 2017

TODAY'S BAKE

Got motivated today as yesterday's birthday gifts included two 5qt Lodge Dutch Ovens. These have the side handles on the lid, so you can use them upside down. Should be much easier to place the loaf on the lid and then cover with the oven. More information.

The Bread

Had too much going on the day before so was unable to refresh my levain and build a starter and overnight loaf, so I made it easy with Ken Forkish's Saturday White Bread, from Flour, Water, Salt, Yeast. Substituted 10% Whole Wheat to give a little more fiber and flavor.

Found the new Dutch Ovens easy to use and very pleased with the final result.
Saturday White Bread with 10% Whole Wheat

And yet another 

Had a desire for something sweet. One of my favorite breads when eating at an Indian Restaurant is Peshwari Naan.  Also known as Pashawari Naan, it is named after the region on India where it originated. This is Naan stuffed with raisins, nuts and spices.

For the filling, I used raisins, pine nuts, dried coconut with cardamon and mace. Ground them to a course mix in a small food processor.

The recipe came from an internet search.The basic Naan bread is rolled out into a circle, the chopped filling put on top, then the edges folded over like an envelope. The package is then turned over and rolled out into a rough circle or teardrop shape.

Baking is under the broiler, so watching for the desired level of 'brown' is important.


Naan rolled out
Filling added

Folded up

Final shape

 Finished Peshwari Naan

Monday, March 27, 2017

SPENT GRAIN - PART 3

Had some more spent grain gifted last week. Decided to dry some first to establish the water content. Weighed the rest out into 250g packs so they are pre-weighed for the recipe.

Drying was an eye opener. In 250g there is 187g of water. No wonder the last batch was so wet!

Reducing the water to 615g in the base dough meant that the final dough would have a hydration of 80%. Much easier dough to work with. Based  on the spent grains water content I estimate that the part 2 batch was about 85% hydration, which explains why it was so hard to finally shape.

Both loaves came out of the oven looking good, with good oven spring . The first loaf got away from me! My wife grabbed it for a gift before I could photograph it.

Nice oven spring

Here is the second loaf on the cooling rack.








Chewy crust, soft crumb.
 

 Ahh! Fresh bread with just a smear of butter.

Sunday, January 22, 2017

SPENT GRAIN - PART 2

Some more digging on Google turned up a recipe for Natural Sourdough with Spent Beer Grains.

Used my levain from Ken Forkish's Flour, Water, Salt, Yeast to make the stiff levain. Followed the recipe, including the times, with the exception of reducing the water to 700g. My previous experience was that the spent grains added a lot more water and I wanted to be able to control the hydration. In this recipe the spent grains are added part way through the stretch and fold process. So I started out at a 70% hydration.

Once the spent grains were added, it was obvious that I had a wet dough, but decided to leave it and just add flour as needed when shaping before the final proof.  On refection, perhaps I need to take 100g of spent grain, dry it out and figure the actual water content. The recipe calls for 250g of spent grains, so if the water content is at 50% then I'm adding another 125g of water for a final hydration of 82.5%.

Made two batches so that I would have four loaves, some to give away to the donor of the spent grains.

Proofed two loaves in bannetons, two in linen lined baskets. No apparent difference in the final proof. Not too happy with the minimal oven spring, but the final product is a hearty loaf, good crunchy crust, soft crumb. Here is the result:

Friday, January 20, 2017

EXPERIMENTS WITH SPENT GRAIN

What is Spent Grain?

Beer is liquid bread! After all, beer shares three of the four bread ingredients - grain, water, yeast. The big difference is the grain is not milled into flour but malted (sprouted) to provide the complex carbohydrates and sugars needed for brewing. The grain is first steeped in water to raise the moisture level to allow the breakdown of the starches and proteins. After steeping, the grain is allowed to germinate allowing for further breakdown of the protein and carbohydrate. Germination is halted by drying so that the growing is stopped, creating the starch reserves needed for brewing.

The grain is boiled with water to extract the sugars and flavors into a liquid known as wort, which is then fermented into beer. The wort is filtered off the grains and what is left is a wet pile of grain. The spent grain becomes a by-product of the brewing process, often discarded or used for animal feed. 

The wet spent grains.
I was fortunate to get two 1 gallon bags of spent grain from a friend who is beginning to establish a micro brewery in a nearby town.  The actual grain mixture was 90.3% Pale malt, 2.4% Caramel malt, 3.6% White wheat malt and 3.6% Caraphils. All the malts, with the exception of the White wheat are made from barley, the difference being in how they are treated after germination in the drying process.

 First Bake

An internet search provided several recipes, most associated with home brewing sites. I selected one that used wet grain from this site.


Recipe
3 cup Spent grain - wet
1 1/4 cup Warm water
1/4 cup Sugar
4-5 cup AP flour
1 tsp Salt
1 Egg
1/4cup Milk
1 tbsp Instant Dry Yeast

Obviously the amount of water in the grain is an unknown variable, and I finished up adding a further 1 1/2 cups of AP flour. 

The loaves
Final proof was in bannetons and baked at 475oF in a dutch oven for 30 minutes covered and 25 minutes uncovered. The loaves were dense, chewy with a great toasted malt flavor.

Water content of the spent grains is obviously something to consider and likely to vary from batch to batch.

Crumb shot

Next up will be a Sourdough with spent grains from here.

Drying the Spent Grain

We put seeds in breads, so why not spent grains? Half the grains were spread on a rimmed baking sheet and dried in the oven. Perhaps a measure of the amount of water is that is took 3 days at 170oF to dry the grains out! 

Result was a great chewy crunch with a slightly sweet, malt flavor. Next time I make a whole wheat loaf, I am going to see what a cup full of dried spent grains will do to the flavor.

Dried spent grain